Kenya

KEN
Country:
Compare with:
Country 2:
Country 3:

Wars and violent conflicts

Indicator Kenya
Conflict involvement as primary party (2017) 1 (1 x intra-state)
Conflict involvement as supporting party (2017) 3 (3 x internationalised intra-state)
Number of victims of war as per 100,000 inhabitants (2016) 0.1
Number of violent conflicts and wars between 1963-2017 6
Child soldiers in conflicts
Victims of sexual violence in wars after 1946 -
Number of homicides as per 100,000 inhabitants (2015) 5.7
Number of robberies as per 100,000 inhabitants (2015) 6.2
Death penalty (2017) Convicted but not executed
Torture no known cases
Index value Political Terror Scale (2015) 3.3
Index value Physical Integrity Rights 4
Index value political system 9
Human Development Index 0.555
Index value Gini Coefficient (2005) 48.5
Political participation restricted
Number of politically active ethnic groups (2017) 7
Number of all ethnic groups (2017) 8
Ratio of politically active to total number of ethnic groups (2017) 87
Contested territories not affected
Sources:
  • Amnesty International (2017)
  • Amnesty International (2018)
  • Bastick et. al (2007)
  • CIRI (2014)
  • CSP (2018)
  • ETH (2018)
  • HKS & PRIO (2016)
  • Natural Earth & GAUL (2016)
  • PTS (2016)
  • Sonderbeauftragter des UN-Generalsekretärs für Kinder und Gewaltkonflikte (2018)
  • UCDP (2017)
  • UCDP/PRIO (2018)
  • UN-Sicherheitsrat (2018)
  • UNDP (2016)
  • UNODC (2017)
  • World Bank (2018)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Peace and demobilisation

Indicator Kenya
Times of Peace ( 1963 - 2017 ) [%] 85.45
Current UN missions
Peace missions of other actors
Number of German personnel in missions
Personnel made available for UN operations 256
Number of Blue Helmets per 10,000 inhabitants 0.04
Current DDR programmes
DDR programmes since 1990
Number of demobilised combatants
Sources:
  • AU (2016)
  • Bundeswehr (2017)
  • CIC (2013)
  • EAD/EEAS (2016)
  • IISS
  • NATO (2017)
  • UCDP/PRIO (2018)
  • UN (2016)
  • UN DPA (2017)
  • UN DPKO (2017)
  • UNDP
  • World Bank (2017)
  • ZIF (2017)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Military capacities and means

Indicator Kenya
Military expenditures in billion 0.96
Share of military expenditures in GDP [%] 1.23
Comparison military expentitures with social spending [%] 11.73
Military personnel 29100
Reservists 0
Number of military personnel per 10,000 inhabitants 6
Number of reservists per 10,000 inhabitants 0
Number of military personnel in total incl. reservists per doctor 3.352
Number of military personnel in total incl. reservists per teacher 0.063
Number of heavy weapons systems 363
Number of heavy weapons systems per 10,000 inhabitants 0.075
Index value level of militarisation 1990 548.142
Index value level of militarisation 452.346
Trends in militarisation 1990-2016 -95.796
Recipient countries of German military equipment [EUR] 114288
Global arms exports [Mio. US$]
Global arms imports [Mio. US$] 28
Sources:
  • BICC (2016)
  • BICC (2017)
  • BMWI (2016)
  • IISS (2017)
  • SIPRI (2017)
  • SIPRI (2018)
  • UNSECO (2017)
  • WHO (2016)
  • World Bank (2016)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Natural resources and conflicts

Indicator Kenya
Oil production [in tousand barrels/day] (2016)
Share of global oil production [%] (2016)
Gas production [Billion m³] (2016)
Share of global gas production [%] (2016)
Diamond mining [in thousand carats] (2017)
Share of global diamond mining [%] (2017)
Mining of selected mineral resources (2016) 1
Cultivation of cocoa tree no
Cultivation of oil palm no
Occurence of tropical woods no
Cocaanbau no
Opiumanbau no
Cannabisanbau (2015) yes
Ressource conflict intensity (2017) violent crisis
Share of conflict resources of total imports [%] 4.3
Share of oil and gas of total imports [%] 0.68
Share of diamonds of total imports [%] 0
Share of agricultural resources of total imports [%] 3.62
Share of conflict resources of total exports [%] 0.94
Share of oil and gas of total exports [%] 0.05
Share of diamonds of total exports [%] 0
Share of agricultural resources of total exports [%] 0.89
Resource dependency high
Resource Governance Index 5.64
Member of Kimberley no member
Member of FLEGT no member
Member of EITI
Corruption Index 28
Sources:
  • BICC (2006)
  • BMWFW (2018)
  • EIA (2018)
  • EITI (2018)
  • FAO (2017)
  • FLEGT (2018)
  • HIIK (2018)
  • ITTO (2018)
  • Kimberley (2018)
  • Transparency International (2018)
  • UN Comtrade (2018)
  • UNODC (2018)
  • WTO (2018)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Conventional Weapons

Indicator Kenya
Main exporting country China
Heavy weapons systems from Germany 2004-2016 [€] 1,433,617
Number of battle tanks 78
Number of submarines 0
Number of combat aircraft 38
MP2/MP2A1 (UZI) can be found
AK 47 (Kalashnikov and ist variants ) can be found
G3 can be found
Number of civilian SALW as per 10,000 inhabitants 181.09
German small arms exports 2006–2015 [€] 8,881
Small arms exports [$]
Small arms imports [$]
Mine contamination no evidence
Mine production no data available
Mine stockpiling 1020
Member of the Mine Ban Treaty signed and ratified
Cluster munitions contamination no evidence
Cluster munitions production
Cluster munitions stockpiling
Member of the convention on Cluster Munitions signed, but not ratfiied
Victims of landmines and cluster munitions 7
Sources:
  • BICC (2016)
  • Bundeswehr (2016)
  • CMC (2017)
  • EU (2018)
  • ICBL (2017)
  • IISS (2017)
  • LCMM (2015)
  • LCMM (2016)
  • LCMM (2017)
  • SMS (2007)
  • UN Comtrade (2017)
  • UNODA (2017)
  • UNODC (2014)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Weapons of mass destruction

Indicator Kenya
Means of delivery
Nuclear power no nuclear power
Current possession of nuclear weapons
Possession of nuclear weapons peak
Nuclear tests
Uran production [in tons]
Reactors in total
Nuclear reactors
Research reactors
Uranium enrichment plants
Uranium reprocessing plants
HEU [in tons]
Plutonium [in tons]
Risk of natural catastrophe index 6.77
Total people living within 30 km [in mio.]
Total people living within 150 km [in mio.]
Biological warfare agents
Number of events 1970-2016 3
Chemical warfare agents
Number of events 1970-2016
Sources:
  • ACA (2016)
  • BEH (2017)
  • CIESIN (2016)
  • CNS (2008)
  • CTBTO (2017)
  • FAS (2017)
  • Geoscience Australia (2008)
  • IAEO (2017)
  • IISS (2017)
  • ILPI (2016)
  • IPFM (2015)
  • NNSA (2000)
  • START (2017)
  • bmwfw (2016)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Arms control

Indicator Kenya
Ratified multilateral arms control agreements 8
CFE & CFE-II agreement
Geneva Conventions since 1966
UN-Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons not signed
Treaty on Open Skies
Dayton Agreement
Vienna Document
Non-Proliferation Treaty ratified
Nuclear-weapon-free zones Pelindaba treaty
Biological Weapons Concention ratified
Chemical Weapons Convention ratified
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty ratified
Use of outer space International organization
Outer space treaty ratified
Convention on Registration of Launched Objects into Outer Space not signed
Number of registered Objects in Outer Space
Sources:
  • AA (2016)
  • CTBTO (2016)
  • Eurospace (2015)
  • ICRC (2017)
  • OHR (1995)
  • OPCW (2015)
  • OSCE (2011)
  • OSCE (2016)
  • UCS (2017)
  • UNODA (2016)
  • UNOG (2016)
  • UNOOSA (2015)
  • aca (2012)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Environmental safety

Indicator Kenya
Environmental conflicts yes
Global temprature increase (1960-2017) [°C] 1.12
Proportion of population potentially affected by rising sea levels in 2030 [%] 1.45
Total number of population potentially affected by rising sea levels in 2030 1.01
Cilmate-Risk-Index rank (1997 - 2016) 43 (medium)
Cilmate-Risk-Index value (1997 - 2016) 56
Water scarcity in 2040 0.64 (very low)
Water scarcity in 2040 (optimistic) 0.61
Water scarcity in 2040 (pessimistic) 0.51
Number of dams & reservoirs 8
Total storage volume of dams & reserviors [mio. m3] 4,061.9
Number of land grabbing deals 5
Proportion of the land area affected by soil degradation (1982-2003) [%] 18.02
Sources:
  • Ackva et al. (2015)
  • Bai et al. (2008)
  • Carius et al. (2006)
  • EC-JRC/PBL (2016)
  • GRDC (2007)
  • GWSP (2011)
  • Germanwatch (2018)
  • Global Land Matrix (2018)
  • Hansen et al. (2010), GISTEMP Team (2018)
  • Neumann et al. (2015)
  • WRI (2015)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Buchhandlungen bangen um die Buchpreisbindung

Data tables

For some select map layers, the information portal ‘War and Peace’ provides the user with all used data sets as tables.

More ...
Magnifying Glass in front of a Boston map

Country portraits

In the country reports, data and information are collected by country and put into tables that are used in the modules as a basis for maps and illustrations.

More ...
Compass with Mirror

Navigation and operation

The information and data of each module are primarily made available as selectable map layers and are complemented by texts and graphs. The map layers can be found on the right hand side and are listed according to themes and sub-themes.

More ...