South Africa

ZAF
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Wars and violent conflicts

Indicator South Africa
Conflict involvement as primary party -
Conflict involvement as supporting party -
Number of victims of war as per 100,000 inhabitants
Number of violent conflicts and wars between 1946-2017 7
Child soldiers in conflicts
Victims of sexual violence in wars after 1946 -
Number of homicides as per 100,000 inhabitants (2015) 34.2
Number of robberies as per 100,000 inhabitants
Death penalty (2017) No death penalty
Torture (2017) yes
Index value Political Terror Scale (2015) 3.3
Index value Physical Integrity Rights 4
Index value political system 9
Human Development Index (2017) 0.699
Index value Gini Coefficient (2014) 63
Political participation restricted
Number of politically active ethnic groups (2017) 13
Number of all ethnic groups (2017) 14
Ratio of politically active to total number of ethnic groups (2017) 92
Contested territories not affected
Sources:
  • Amnesty International (2018)
  • Bastick et. al (2007)
  • CIRI (2014)
  • CSP (2018)
  • ETH (2018)
  • HKS & PRIO (2016)
  • Natural Earth & GAUL (2016)
  • PTS (2017)
  • Sonderbeauftragter des UN-Generalsekretärs für Kinder und Gewaltkonflikte (2018)
  • UCDP (2018)
  • UCDP/PRIO (2018)
  • UN-Sicherheitsrat (2018)
  • UNDP (2018)
  • UNODC (2017)
  • World Bank (2018)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Peace and demobilisation

Indicator South Africa
Times of Peace ( 1946 - 2017 ) [%] 59.72
Current UN missions
Peace missions of other actors
Number of German personnel in missions
Personnel made available for UN operations 1237
Number of Blue Helmets per 10,000 inhabitants 0.21
Current DDR programmes
DDR programmes since 1990
Number of demobilised combatants
Sources:
  • AU (2016)
  • Bundeswehr (2018)
  • CIC (2013)
  • EAD/EEAS (2018)
  • IISS
  • NATO (2018)
  • UCDP/PRIO (2018)
  • UN (2016)
  • UN DPA (2018)
  • UN DPKO (2018)
  • UNDP
  • World Bank (2018)
  • ZIF (2018)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Military capacities and means

Indicator South Africa
Military expenditures in billion 3.62
Share of military expenditures in GDP [%] 1.05
Comparison military expentitures with social spending [%] 7.41
Military personnel 66350
Reservists 15,050
Number of military personnel per 10,000 inhabitants 11.7
Number of reservists per 10,000 inhabitants 2.65
Number of military personnel in total incl. reservists per doctor 1.811
Number of military personnel in total incl. reservists per teacher 0.327
Number of heavy weapons systems 1,735
Number of heavy weapons systems per 10,000 inhabitants 0.306
Index value level of militarisation 1990 694.798
Index value level of militarisation 595.081
Trends in militarisation 1990-2017 -99.717
Recipient countries of German military equipment [EUR] 19,763,911
Global arms exports [Mio. US$] 74
Global arms imports [Mio. US$]
Sources:
  • BICC (2018)
  • BMWI (2016)
  • IISS (2018)
  • SIPRI (2017)
  • SIPRI (2018)
  • UNSECO (2017)
  • WHO (2016)
  • World Bank (2016)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Natural resources and conflicts

Indicator South Africa
Oil production [in tousand barrels/day] (2016) 132
Share of global oil production [%] (2016) 0.13
Gas production [Billion m³] (2016) 0.81
Share of global gas production [%] (2016) 0.02
Diamond mining [in thousand carats] (2017) 9,682,965
Share of global diamond mining [%] (2017) 6.42
Mining of selected mineral resources (2016) 7
Cultivation of cocoa tree no
Cultivation of oil palm no
Export of tropical woods no
Cocaanbau
Opiumanbau
Cannabisanbau
Ressource conflict intensity (2017)
Share of conflict resources of total imports [%] 7.39
Share of oil and gas of total imports [%] 6.66
Share of diamonds of total imports [%] 0.35
Share of agricultural resources of total imports [%] 0.38
Share of conflict resources of total exports [%] 2.99
Share of oil and gas of total exports [%] 1.5
Share of diamonds of total exports [%] 1.47
Share of agricultural resources of total exports [%] 0.03
Resource dependency
Resource Governance Index
Member of Kimberley member
Member of FLEGT no member
Member of EITI
Corruption Index 43
Sources:
  • BICC (2006)
  • BMNT (2018)
  • EIA (2018)
  • EITI (2018)
  • FAO (2017)
  • FLEGT (2018)
  • HIIK (2018)
  • ITTO (2018)
  • Kimberley (2018)
  • Transparency International (2018)
  • UN Comtrade (2018)
  • UNODC (2018)
  • WTO (2018)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Conventional Weapons

Indicator South Africa
Main exporting country United Kingdom
Heavy weapons systems from Germany 2004-2016 [€] 1,208,088,009
Number of battle tanks 157
Number of submarines 3
Number of combat aircraft 50
MP2/MP2A1 (UZI) producer
AK 47 (Kalashnikov and ist variants ) can be found
G3 can be found
Number of civilian SALW as per 100 inhabitants 9.7
German small arms exports 2006–2016 [€] 6,743,267
Small arms exports [$]
Small arms imports [$]
Mine contamination no evidence
Mine production
Mine stockpiling
Member of the Mine Ban Treaty ratified or acceeded
Cluster munitions contamination no evidence
Cluster munitions production former producer
Cluster munitions stockpiling destruction not started yet
Member of the convention on Cluster Munitions signed and ratified
Victims of landmines and cluster munitions
Sources:
  • BICC (2016)
  • Bundeswehr (2016)
  • CMC (2018)
  • EU (2018)
  • ICBL (2018)
  • IISS (2017)
  • LCMM (2017)
  • SAS (2018)
  • UN Comtrade (2018)
  • UNODA (2017)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Weapons of mass destruction

Indicator South Africa
Means of delivery
Nuclear power former posessor of nuclear weapons
Current possession of nuclear weapons
Possession of nuclear weapons peak
Nuclear tests
Uran production [in tons] 528
Reactors in total 4
Nuclear reactors 2
Research reactors 2
Uranium enrichment plants
Uranium reprocessing plants
HEU [in kilograms] 100
Plutonium [in tons]
Risk of natural catastrophe index 5.62
Total people living within 30 km [in mio.] 0.724572
Total people living within 150 km [in mio.] 5.34462
Biological warfare agents
Number of events 1970-2017
Chemical warfare agents
Number of events 1970-2016 1 tear agents
Sources:
  • ACA (2018)
  • BEH (2018)
  • CIESIN (2016)
  • CNS (2008)
  • CTBTO (2018)
  • FAS (2018)
  • IAEO (2018)
  • IISS (2018)
  • ILPI (2016)
  • IPFM (2018)
  • NNSA (2000)
  • START (2018)
  • bmnt (2018)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Arms control

Indicator South Africa
Ratified multilateral arms control agreements 16
CFE & CFE-II agreement not signed
Geneva Conventions since 1952
UN-Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons ratified: I, II and Amend II, III, IV, V
Treaty on Open Skies
Dayton Agreement
Vienna Document
Non-Proliferation Treaty ratified
Nuclear-weapon-free zones Pelindaba treaty
Biological Weapons Concention ratified
Chemical Weapons Convention ratified
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Annex 2 ratified
Use of outer space Commercial, International organization, Objects, Space agency
Outer space treaty ratified
Convention on Registration of Launched Objects into Outer Space ratified
Number of registered and active satellites
Sources:
  • AA (2016)
  • CTBTO (2016)
  • Eurospace (2015)
  • ICRC (2018)
  • OHR (1995)
  • OPCW (2018)
  • OSCE (2011)
  • OSCE (2016)
  • UCS (2018)
  • UNODA (2016)
  • UNODA (2018)
  • UNOG (2018)
  • UNOOSA (2018)
  • aca (2012)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

Environmental safety

Indicator South Africa
Environmental conflicts yes
Global temprature increase (1960-2017) [°C] 0.88
Proportion of population potentially affected by rising sea levels in 2030 [%] 1.34
Total number of population potentially affected by rising sea levels in 2030 0.78
Cilmate-Risk-Index rank (1997 - 2016) 88 (low)
Cilmate-Risk-Index value (1997 - 2016) 84.17
Water scarcity in 2040 3.19 (high)
Water scarcity in 2040 (optimistic) 3.14
Water scarcity in 2040 (pessimistic) 3.19
Number of dams & reservoirs 269
Total storage volume of dams & reserviors [mio. m3] 30,808.6
Number of land grabbing deals 7
Proportion of the land area affected by soil degradation (1982-2003) [%] 28.82
Sources:
  • Ackva et al. (2015)
  • Bai et al. (2008)
  • Carius et al. (2006)
  • EC-JRC/PBL (2017)
  • GRDC (2007)
  • GWSP (2011)
  • Germanwatch (2018)
  • Global Land Matrix (2018)
  • Hansen et al. (2010), GISTEMP Team (2018)
  • Neumann et al. (2015)
  • WRI (2015)
Detailed information of the used sources can be found in the list of sources page of this module.

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